The Different Types Cannabinoids And What Do They Do?

A lot of people these days are using marijuana for medicinal as well as recreational purposes. Various factors such as strain, product type, and potency, can either give energized feeling to a person or produce a relaxing calm and peace of mind. However, a major question that comes across the user’s mind is how marijuana creates these desired effects? Cannabinoids are what makes it happen as chemical compounds contained in the plant interacts with the human nervous system.

What are cannabinoids?

Naturally occurring chemical compounds that are found in cannabis are known as cannabinoids. It is often unique to the plant, providing a psychoactive high or therapeutic pain relief after consuming cannabis. Similar to endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), cannabinoids regulate internal health and immune system functions.

How Do Cannabinoids Work?

Marijuana has distinctive effects which intrigued the curiosity all around the world. Many research works was done on this plant and in 1980s a study found cannabinoids bind to receptors found throughout the brain and body. The two receptors that were identified are CB-1, commonly found in brain cells and the central nervous system and CB-2, usually found in the body and immune system. Different compounds interact with receptors in different ways. The effect surfaces when the type and location of receptor they interact with break down the cannabinoids.

There are various types of cannabinoids and the most common cannabinoids found in cannabis are listed below.

  • Tetrahydrocannabinolic (THC)

The main constituent in raw cannabis is the THCA and converts to Δ9-THC when burned, vaporized, or heated at a certain temperature. It is one of the only cannabinoids that will get you high. It is present in a minority and other psychoactive cannabinoids don’t have nearly the same potent effect as THC. This compound can produce strong psychoactive effects, as well as elation, relaxation, and laughter as THC binds with CB-1 receptors in the brain. It can really help with pain relief, digestion and mood and have been used to treat symptoms of diverse conditions including Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, sleep apnea, and HIV/AIDs.

  • CBD (Cannabidiol)

CBD is the opposite of THC in many respects and is the second-most well-known cannabinoid. This element does not produce intoxicating effects associated with THC. CBD binds with CB-2 receptors found throughout the body and its effects are more physiological, like reduced stress, improved appetite and better sleep. You can get many things as same as THC but without getting high.

  • CBG (cannabigerol)

A less common cannabinoid found in marijuana plants is the CBG, which is attracting new interest among researchers and cultivators for its benefits. It is also non- psychoactive like CBD and is often only present in very small levels. It is great for patients suffering from glaucoma, cancerous tumor growth, Crohn’s disease, and Irritable bowel syndrome.

  • CBC (cannabichromene)

Another non-psychoactive, minor cannabinoid that’s drawing interest for healing potential is the CBC. It is very similar to CBD, acting as a buffer against THC. What’s more interesting is that, CBC has been observed to play a part in neurogenesis and neuroplasticity, key functions of brain health and development. It has also been seen to have anti-inflammation properties and it doesn’t trigger the endocannabinoid receptors.

  • CBN (cannabinol)

This compound is psychoactive but only marginally so compared to THC because it derives from the same cannabinoid acid (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) and is created when THC is exposed to oxygen. So, an old marijuana plant can lose potency as THC decreases, and CBN increases, however it is present at a very low level. CBN can be used as a sleep aid and remedy against arthritis.

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